Glaucoma affects more than sixty million people worldwide as well as the next leading cause of blindness behind cataracts. Both THC and marijuana were shown to lower intra ocular pressure, which is an important contributor to glaucoma. One of several most well known applications for medical marijuana is
By far the most widespread type of glaucoma is called main open angle glaucoma along with presents a very slowly progressive disorder that destroys cells in the retina and also degrades the optic nerve. A person’s visual field gets constricted and eventually disappears. The person gets blind.
Three things have actually been identified that cause risk factors for glaucoma. The earliest 2 are out of an individual’s control = Race and Age. The third, increased intra-ocular pressure, is the person that’s potentially controllable.
Intra-ocular pressure ordinarily results from the eye shape being taken care of by fluid in aqueous humor was called by the eye. The fluid passes between the face of the eye and also the backside of the cornea. If someone has improved intraocular pressure, the flow of solution from the front side of the eye is restricted, therefore the stress rises. It is this fluid which is suspected to provide nutrients to the optic nerve.
Reducing intra-ocular pressure to usual does not ensure glaucoma prevention, but since it is the only real controllable risk factor, it is the person that’s worked on with medications.
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The two ways in which medications work towards reducing intraocular pressure are as follows:
1) Lowering the creation of aqueous fluid 2) Making it a lot easier for the liquid to course out of the front eye
There are additionally a number of medical options which often aim to enjoy the same objective.
Several scientific studies have shown the effects of marijuana and also THC on reducing intraocular pressure. Whether the THC is smoked, or eaten, inhaled, intraocular pressure is minimized. Applying cannabinoids straight away to the eye did not do the job however.
Research hasn’t shown us exactly how cannabinoids reduce IOP. They have reducing IOP for about 4 hours. Which means being forced to take it 4 to 8 times each day, whereas, you can find additional medications just necessary twice every single day.
The negative effects of marijuana consumption, for example the psychoactive effects, may be tough for the aged to tolerate. Marijuana might cause the center to “race” and make patients anxious. The IOP in clients with glaucoma is required to be governed continuously since it’s a progressive disease.
With the coming of the most modern drugs which work well for managing the IOP in glaucoma, marijuana is no longer a 1st line remedy for curbing it. It is less reliable and possibly more difficult compared to the current medicines. If, nonetheless, a patient needs a third or second line choice, marijuana could fit the need nicely.